Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated state in Central America. The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization. More than half the population live below the national poverty line. Nearly half of Guatemala’s children under age five are chronically malnourished. For almost all of the second half of the 20th century, there was a terrible civil war in Guatemala. During this long period of devastation, many children were orphaned and abandoned. Today, UNICEF estimates there are over 370,000 orphans in Guatemala mostly due to high rates of substance abuse, neglect, abandonment, and teenage pregnancies.